A doctore is typically a slave, one who had served as a skilled gladiator in his earlier days. Despite this, a doctore will enjoy a higher standing within the ludus than the gladiators themselves.
They often carry a whip, for use as both a training aid and for administering discipline and punishment.
- It's possible that the historical trainer of Gladiators was known as a Lorarius (from the latin Lorum, meaning leather thong or whip). They were known for whipping reluctant fighters or animals into fighting.